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Research Reports

ELI publishes Research Reports available for free download that present the analysis and conclusions of the policy studies ELI undertakes to improve environmental law and policy. These reports contribute to education of the profession and disseminate diverse points of view and opinions to stimulate a robust and creative exchange of ideas. Those publications, which express opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the Institute, its Board of Directors, or funding organizations, exemplify ELI’s commitment to dialogue with all sectors.

Legal Tools for Strengthening Marine Protected Area Enforcement: A Handbook for

Legal Tools for Strengthening Marine Protected Area Enforcement: A Handbook

Xiao Recio-Blanco, Bruce Myers, and Kathryn Mengerink
September 2016

Around the globe, nations are creating marine protected areas (MPAs) that prohibit some or all fishing and other potentially harmful activities. MPAs can allow sensitive habitats and ecosystems to prosper in a natural state and can enable recovery of commercial, recreational, and subsistence fisheries, among other benefits. All too often, however, MPAs exist only on paper. These countries may lack strong legal authority to enable enforcement in their MPAs, further limiting their ability to detect and prosecute offenses. Read More >

Marine Litter Legislation: A Toolkit for Policymakers

Marine Litter Legislation: A Toolkit for Policymakers

Carl Bruch, Kathryn Mengerink, Elana Harrison, Davonne Flanagan, Isabel Carey, Thomas Casey, Meggan Davis, Elizabeth Hessami, Joyce Lombardi, Norka Michelen, Colin Parts, Lucas Rhodes, Nikita West, and Sofia Yazykova
September 2016
Legal Context for Nearshore Marine Spatial Planning in Bermuda Report Cover

Legal Context for Nearshore Marine Spatial Planning in Bermuda

Read D. Porter, David Roche, Kathryn Mengerink, Bruce Myers
May 2016

Bermuda's nearshore marine environment is a critical economic, environmental, and social resource for the Bermudian people. Bermuda can more effectively manage the uses of its marine environment by undertaking marine spatial planning (MSP) for its nearshore waters. MSP is a public process that organizes human activity in marine areas in time and space to meet environmental, economic, and social objectives. Read More >

Clearing the Path: Citizen Science and Public Decision Making in the United States

James McElfish, John Pendergrass, Talia Fox
April 2016

This report was prepared by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI) with the Commons Lab at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. It examines laws and policies that affect public decision makers’ ability to use and rely on information generated by citizen science projects. The report addresses how citizen science programs can be organized, conducted, and communicated to improve public decisions. Read More >

Addressing Indoor Air Quality in School Energy Efficiency Upgrades: Review of Selected State Policies

Environmental Law Institute
January 2016

As efforts to address climate change accelerate, government policies and programs will continue to look to energy efficiency as a powerful and cost-effective strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency upgrades can help school districts advance their educational mission by reducing energy and other operating costs. Protecting and enhancing indoor air quality also supports the core mission of schools by promoting staff and student health, productivity, and attendance. Read More >