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Research Reports

ELI publishes Research Reports available for free download that present the analysis and conclusions of the policy studies ELI undertakes to improve environmental law and policy. These reports contribute to education of the profession and disseminate diverse points of view and opinions to stimulate a robust and creative exchange of ideas. Those publications, which express opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the Institute, its Board of Directors, or funding organizations, exemplify ELI’s commitment to dialogue with all sectors.

Coordination in the Natural Resource Damage Assessment Process: General Tools and Mechanisms

Amy Streitwieser, Teresa Chan, Jay Austin, Azi Akpan
March 2018

As a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a number of different funding processes have been put in place to help restore and recover the Gulf of Mexico. The three main ones are the natural resource damage assessment (NRDA), the RESTORE Act, and the National Fish & Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund (GEBF), which together will distribute over $16 billion. Each of these processes has its own objectives, timelines, governance structure, and opportunities for the public to engage. Read More >

Managing Environmental Protection and Economic Considerations Under Select U.S.

Managing Environmental Protection and Economic Considerations Under Select U.S. Environmental Laws and Permitting Systems

Scott Fulton, John Pendergrass, and Christopher Ibrahim.
March 2018

In response to growing concerns over increased air and water pollution, by the early 1970s the United States Congress had begun enacting a series of statutes that continue to shape environmental law today, more than four decades later.  The laws authorize federal agencies to regulate air quality, water quality, the management and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes; and to protect threatened or endangered species of plants and animals. Congress, in enacting these environmental laws, knew that it was imposing significant compliance costs on regulated sectors of the economy. Read More >

Natural Resource Damages, Mitigation Banking, and the Watershed Approach

Natural Resource Damages, Mitigation Banking, and the Watershed Approach

James McElfish, Cynthia Harris, Azi Akpan, Thien Chau, and Rebecca Kihslinger
March 2018

The Oil Pollution Act and CERCLA allow for the recovery of more than just cleanup costs following an oil spill or the release of hazardous substances. These laws also provide for recovery of damages to restore or replace natural resources to the conditions that would have existed prior to the spill or release, as well as to compensate for interim losses of ecological services. Read More >

Step-by-Step Guide to Integrating Community Input into Green Infrastructure Projects

Teresa Chan; Rebecca Kihslinger; John Hare-Grogg; Michael Jensen; Rachel Conn
March 2018

ELI and its partner Amigos Bravos drafted this Guide to help local governments integrate community input into their green infrastructure projects. It sets out eight steps that local governments can take and, for each step, provides details and tips to help local governments as they move through the process. Read More >

When Software Rules: Rule of Law in the Age of Artificial Intellegence

When Software Rules: Rule of Law in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Dave Rejeski, Lovinia Reynolds, and Sarah Wright
February 2018

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is changing how our society operates. AI now helps make judiciary decisions, medical diagnoses, and drives cars. The use of AI in our society also has important environmental implications. AI can help improve resource use, improve energy efficiency, predict extreme weather events, and aid in scientific research. But while AI has the potential to improve human interaction with the environment, AI can also exacerbate existing environmental issues. Some form of governance is needed to ensure that AI is deployed in a manner that is beneficial for our environment. Read More >