Small-scale fisheries (SSF) have great potential to reduce poverty and hunger while contributing to the overall health of the ocean environment. However, the biggest challenges to sustainable SSF are:
- enforcement limitations due to clandestine nature of IUU fishing, and
- lack of adequate SSF management policies and rules, which leads to
- non-compliance and illegal fishing at the local level and by large-scale international commercial fisheries
International instruments such as the FAO Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries list effective policy approaches to achieve fisheries sustainability. However, the guidelines do not provide guidance on how to turn those policy approaches into specific, enforceable regulatory provisions. Most fisheries practitioners have limited exposure to regulatory analysis and legal training, and lack the experience necessary to translate these approaches into legal language. ELI-Ocean works to develop tailored, elaborate sustainable fisheries regulatory toolkits focused on implementing specific institutional, governance, and legal approaches that are supported by fisheries policy research and regulatory practice. In this effort, ELI has partnered with Parliamentarians for Global Action.