U.S. Fisheries Compliance and Enforcement

Enforcement of fisheries regulations is crucial to ensure that noncompliance does not undermine fishery management or rebuilding. ELI takes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding compliance and enforcement that combines our legal and enforcement expertise with quantitative analysis of fisheries surveys and enforcement data. Our work identifies models and strategies for improving fisheries enforcement and integrating enforcement into management decisions.

The Ocean Program seeks to advance understanding of the compliance with and enforcement of domestic fisheries laws, regulations, and policies. Through a project undertaken in collaboration with the University of Maryland’s Center for Environmental Science, ELI has surveyed fishing communities and analyzed historical data to characterize compliance and enforcement in United States fisheries and identified potential strategies for improving fisheries management. ELI recently completed a focused assessment on compliance and enforcement in the Gulf of Mexico red snapper catch share fishery, supported by the National Sea Grant Law Center.