Challenges in Mitigating Wetland Impacts of Large-Scale Hardrock Mining in Bristol Bay Watersheds

Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 18

The Clean Water Act often requires compensatory mitigation to offset losses of aquatic resources under the §404 permitting process. But what happens when those impacts occur in ecologically intact environments where there are minimal opportunities for restoration, enhancement, establishment, or preservation? The authors examine this scenario for a proposed large-scale hardrock mine in Alaska.