Understanding Migration and Return

After the immediate effects of a disaster have passed, the disruptive impacts continue for many communities as they contend with the desire, ability, and wisdom of returning home to the affected area or whether to relocate permanently. Factors that affect household decisions to return include, for example, availability of housing and public services, financial constraints, and personal or social attachments.

ELI has worked in Japan and the United States to understand the factors influencing return -- and then inform policy policy and practice. This thematic area features events and publications investigating the factors influencing individual and household decisions to return, relocate, or remain in limbo: