Legal Frameworks for MPA Enforcement in the Caribbean: Challenges and Opportunities

Environmental Law Institute
Date Released
February 2015

This study reviews MPA laws in the eight Caribbean nations based on the types of regulated activities allowed in MPAs and the enforcement authorities they include. Based on this country-by-country legal review, the study preliminarily identifies similarities and differences among enforcement authorities in the region and highlights model approaches that may assist enforcement reform in this area. We specifically analyzed a number of issues, including:

  • Enforcement Powers
  • Adjudication of Violations
  • Penalties

With this information, individual countries and the region as a whole can better understand the legal basis for MPA enforcement and identify important reforms to improve marine protection in the Caribbean and beyond.

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