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Research Reports

ELI publishes Research Reports available for free download that present the analysis and conclusions of the policy studies ELI undertakes to improve environmental law and policy. These reports contribute to education of the profession and disseminate diverse points of view and opinions to stimulate a robust and creative exchange of ideas. Those publications, which express opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the Institute, its Board of Directors, or funding organizations, exemplify ELI’s commitment to dialogue with all sectors.

Smart Growth and the Clean Water Act

Smart Growth and the Clean Water Act

James McElfish, Environmental Law Institute and Susan Casey-Lefkowitz, Natural Resources Defense Council
December 2001

Land uses directly and indirectly affect the quality of our nation`s waters. Various patterns of urban, suburban, exurban, and rural development can contribute either to improving water quality or to impairing it. At the same time, state and federal programs directed at controlling water pollution can influence development. The relationship between land use and water quality has been studied on a watershed scale in a number of settings, but there has never been a study of the relationship between the programs of the federal Clean Water Act (CWA) and state and local land uses. Read More >

Opportunities for Advancing Environmental Justice: An Analysis of U.S. EPA Statu

Opportunities for Advancing Environmental Justice: An Analysis of U.S. EPA Statutory Authorities

Tobie Bernstein, Environmental Law Institute
November 2001

Environmental justice embodies a goal of achieving healthy, sustainable communities for all people. As part of this goal, environmental justice calls for equal protection for all people under the nation’s environmental laws. Read More >

Chemical and Radiation Environmental Risk Management at the Crossroads: Case Stu

Chemical and Radiation Environmental Risk Management at the Crossroads: Case Studies

Paul A. Locke, Environmental Law Institute
October 2001

The environmental risk management challenges facing this nation today require that we break down the barriers that separate the chemical and radiation risk approaches. This process of risk harmonization is aimed at creating a consistent (but not inflexible) framework in which chemical and radiation risks can be managed to protect successfully public health and the environment and draw on the best features of each culture. Read More >

Cleaner Power: The Benefits and Costs of Moving from Coal Generation to Modern T

Cleaner Power: The Benefits and Costs of Moving from Coal Generation to Modern Technologies

Byron Swift, Environmental Law Institute
May 2001

This paper analyzes benefits and costs of reducing by half the use of coal for electric generation in the United States by the year 2010, making use of the Haiku electricity market model developed and maintained at Resources for the Future. The analysis indicates that the coal generation would be replaced by generation from modern power technologies such as natural gas turbines, together with a small contribution by wind power and other sources. Read More >

New York State Biodiversity Project Needs Assessment

Environmental Law Institute
March 2001

The loss of New York''s natural heritage is caused, in part, by direct threats which include ill-planned development, land use and land management. Thus decision makers - from state and local government, private industry, and conservation organizations - must become better informed on how to incorporate biodiversity information into their activities and how to assess the potential effects of their decisions on biodiversity in the State. Without such biodiversity knowledge, decisions cannot effectively protect the State''s natural resources even where a decision maker desires to do so. Read More >