This resource is part of a series of comprehensive guides on some of the most challenging components of ILF program implementation identified through extensive research and interviews with operating ILF programs and other mitigation stakeholders. These guides help address perennial problems for ILF programs by identifying specific challenges, providing detailed recommendations on ways to meet these challenges, and including examples or case studies of programs to illustrate effective approaches to implementation. This particular guide will assist ILF program sponsors and other stakeholders can preparing for the long-term management of mitigation sites. After noting the regulatory requirements, this guide discusses typical challenges for ILF programs related to long-term management and makes recommendations on how to avoid or address some of the common challenges. It also offers sample language for certain provisions regarding long-term management and concludes with additional resources for further information.