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Research Reports

ELI publishes Research Reports available for free download that present the analysis and conclusions of the policy studies ELI undertakes to improve environmental law and policy. These reports contribute to education of the profession and disseminate diverse points of view and opinions to stimulate a robust and creative exchange of ideas. Those publications, which express opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the Institute, its Board of Directors, or funding organizations, exemplify ELI’s commitment to dialogue with all sectors.

Transparency and Responsiveness: Building a Participatory Process for Activities

Transparency and Responsiveness: Building a Participatory Process for Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Climate Change Convention

Environmental Law Institute
December 1997

The Environmental Law Institute surveyed existing AIJ projects under the United States Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI) and AIJ projects initiated from other countries. The survey looked for evidence of transparent mechanisms and public involvement in decision-making. In addition, ELI examined development projects analogous to the AIJ framework, such as multilateral development bank investments and environmental fund investments, that included participatory elements. Read More >

State and Local Indoor Air Quality Programs: Five Case Studies

State and Local Indoor Air Quality Programs: Five Case Studies

Tobie Bernstein, Environmental Law Institute
November 1997

This report discusses a broad range of programs implemented by California, Florida, Minnesota, Vermont and Montgomery County (Maryland) -to address Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) issues. This report describes the types of agencies that implement IAQ programs; mechanisms for coordinating IAQ activities the nature of program activities; the relationship between state and local governments; and key factors affecting the development of IAQ programs. Read More >

Enforceable State Mechanisms for the Control of Nonpoint Source Water Pollution

Enforceable State Mechanisms for the Control of Nonpoint Source Water Pollution

James M. McElfish Jr., Environmental Law Institute
October 1997

This study examined the laws of the fifty states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia to identify and analyze enforceable mechanisms for the control of nonpoint source water pollution. An enforceable mechanism consists of a standard applicable to an identified entity or entities; a sanction such as a civil, criminal, or administrative penalty, loss of a license, and performance of required remedial action, but not mere loss of an incentive; and a process, either explicit or implied, for applying the standard and imposing the sanction. Read More >

Implementing an Emissions Cap and Allowance Trading System for Greenhouse Gases: Lessons from the Acid Rain Program

Environmental Law Institute Staff
September 1997

This report discusses specific lessons learned from the Acid Rain Program, contained in Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA), that apply to an emissions cap and allowance trading system for greenhouse gases (GHGs). Chapter II discusses the basic design features in applying an emissions cap and allowance trading system to emissions of CO2, methane and other GHGs. Chapter III evaluates lessons from Title IV, and discusses specific issues in establishing a similar regulatory system for GHGs. Read More >

Research and Development Practices in the Environmental Technology Industry

Byron Swift, Environmental Law Institute
September 1997

This report presents the results of research conducted by the Environmental Law Institute, in collaboration with Environmental Business International (EBI). Together, ELI and EBI have studied the research and development practices of environmental technology developers, as well as how government actions could best support these technology development efforts. Read More >