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Freshwater & Oceans

Water Quality Program

Water quality depends upon well-defined water quality standards and criteria, consistent and well-constructed monitoring and evaluation programs, and a legal framework that produces effective incentives to control public and private activities that may result in water pollution and the degradation of aquatic habitat.

Featured Areas of Expertise and Resources:

  • Non-Point Source Pollution Research: ELI studies ways to address non-point sources of water pollution, primarily through innovative uses of state and local laws, and examination of synergies among cost-sharing, technical assistance, enforcement, and liability.
  • State TMDL Programs Resource Center: ELI examines use of the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) program to address numerous pollutants, including biological pollutants, non-point sources and stormwater, and others.