Innovation Lab Publications

The next generation of environmental challenges and opportunities will be shaped by shifts in the way we think, make, and innovate. ELI’s Innovation Lab focuses on how we can better understand the environmental impacts and opportunities created through emerging technologies and their underlying innovation systems, structural changes in the economy, and new roles for the public in environmental protection. We welcome you to browse through our publications, categorized by topics of interest to the ELI Innovation Lab.


Environmental Impacts of the Digital Economy

An Environmentalist's Guide to Quantum Computing (ISOC) (2022)

Blockchain Technology and the Sustainable Supply Chain: Theoretically Exploring Adoption Barriers (2020)

Electric Vehicles in Ridehailing Applications: Insights From a Fall 2019 Survey of Lyft and Uber Drivers in Los Angeles (2020)

Evaluating the Potential of Cooperative Ridesourcing: A Case Study of Arcade City in Austin, Texas (2020)

Best Practices for Analyzing the Direct Energy Use of Blockchain Technology Systems: Review and Recommendations (2020)

The Carbon Footprint of Ride-Hailing: GHG Inventory Methodology (2020)

Social and Environmental Analysis of Food Waste Abatement via the Peer-to-Peer Sharing Economy (2020)


Artificial Intelligence

Governing AI: The Importance of Environmentally Sustainable and Equitable Innovation (2020)

When Software Rules: Rule of Law in the Age of Artificial Intelligence (2018), or

Click here to Listen to Dave Rejeski talk about this Report (2018)

Environmentalism in the Next Machine Age (2017)

When Cars Lie (2017)



Blockchain Salvation (2018)


Citizen Science

Citizen Science Programs at Environmental Agencies: Case Studies (2020)

Citizen Science Programs at Environmental Agencies: Best Practices (2020)

Enabling Citizen Science Programs at Environmental Agencies: Recommendations to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2020)

Field Notes: Citizen Science and Agency Activities (2020)

Citizen Science and Environmental Agency Programs in the United States (2020)

Toward Citizen Science Policy Outcomes (2019)

Report - Clearing the Path: Citizen Science and Public Decision Making in the United States (2016)


Internet of Things

Earth's Electronic Skin (2022)


3D Printing

Environmental Disruptors Podcast: 3D Printing Food Waste (2019)

3D Printing and Maker Spaces (2019)

A Boon or a Bane? (2015)



Bioengineering the Future (2021)

Trips to the Biotech Frontier: Episodes 1, 2, 3 (2019)

A Future Without Fertilizer how Microbes are Changing Traditional Agriculture Practices (2019)

Preparing for the Future of Biotechnology (2017)

Synthetic Biology in the United States: A Brief History of An Emerging Innovation System (2017)

In Case You Missed It…The Future of Biotechnology (2017)



Environmental Disruptors: Weed like a Sustainable Cannabis Industry (2019)

Environmental Disruptors: Brewing Cannabis with Beer Yeast (2019)

Environmental Disruptors: Breaking the Grass Ceiling of Cannabis Cultivation (2019)

Click Here to Watch the Video

A History of EPAs Regulation of Pesticide Use on Cannabis.pdf (2019)

Pesticide Use in the Cannabis Industry (2019)

Pesticide Compliance in the Cannabis Industry (2019)


Cellular Agriculture

Cellular Agriculture: A Comparative Analysis of Press Coverage in the United States, the United Kingdom & France (2013-2018) (2018)

Perceptions of Cellular Agriculture: Key Findings From Qualitative Research (2017)



Environmental Law meets e-Commerce: Electronic Impact (1999)

The Environmental Impact of the Service Sector: An Incomplete Picture (1997)



Chapter 8 - Addressing the Risks of Nanomaterials under United States and European Union Regulatory Frameworks for Chemicals," in Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health (2016)

Revolutions in Making (2014)

The Nanotechnology Challenge Creating Legal Institutions for Uncertain Risks (2012)

Managing the Molecular Economy (2010)

Regulation of Nanoscale Materials Under Media-Specific Environmental Laws (2010)

International Coordination and Cooperation: The Next Agenda in Nanomaterials Regulation (2010)

Securing the Promise of Nanotechnologies: Towards Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation (2009)

Consumer Labelling of Nanomaterials: Convergence or Divergence? (2009)

Regulating Nanomaterials: A Transatlantic Agenda (2009)

Application of the Toxics Release Inventory to Nanomaterials (2008)

Overseeing the Unseeable: The Challenge of Nanotechnology (2007)

The ELI Nanotechnology Deskbook (2007)

Harmonization of Environmental, Health, and Safety Governance Approaches for Nanotechnology: An Overview of Key Themes (2006)

Governing Uncertainty: The Nanotechnology Environmental, Health, and Safety Challenge (2006)

A Framework Convention for Nanotechnology? (2006)

Governance Structures for Nanotechnology Regulation in the European Union (2006)

Nanotechnology Oversight and Regulation--Just Do It (2006)

Flexibility, Clarity, and Legitimacy: Considerations for Managing Nanotechnology Risks (2006)

Keeping Pace With Nanotechnology: A Proposal for a New Approach to Environmental Accountability (2006)

Environmental Law Institute Summary of Participant Discussions, Symposium on Nanotechnology Governance: Environmental Management from an International Perspective (2006)

Comments of the Environmental Law Institute on EPA’s Nanotechnology White Paper External Review Draft (2006)

Securing the Promise of Nanotechnology: Is U.S. Environmental Law Up To the Job? A Dialogue (2005)

Environmental Law Institute Issue Paper (2005)

Nanotechnology: The Next Small Thing (2004)


Technological Change & Environmentalism

The Rise of the Sustainable Enterprise (2020)

Novel Entities and Technologies: Environmental Benefits and Risks (2020)

Digital Technology Opportunities in the Colorado River Basin (2019)

A New Environmentalism: The Need for a Total Strategy for Environmental Protection (2018)

Novel Entities and GEF: Background Paper (2018)

Blindsided by Change: Slow Threats and Environmental Policy (2017)

Environmentalism in a Post-Ownership Society (2017)

Any Big Ideas Left? (2011)

More Humility and Try to Get it Right This Time (2004)

Progress Happens, But What Kind? (2003)

The Importance of Business Dynamics (1999)