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Research Reports

ELI publishes Research Reports available for free download that present the analysis and conclusions of the policy studies ELI undertakes to improve environmental law and policy. These reports contribute to education of the profession and disseminate diverse points of view and opinions to stimulate a robust and creative exchange of ideas. Those publications, which express opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the Institute, its Board of Directors, or funding organizations, exemplify ELI’s commitment to dialogue with all sectors.

An Analysis of State Superfund Programs: 50-State Study 1991 Update

John A. Pendergrass, Environmental Law Institute
December 1991

This 1991 update to our popular series, the study examines the cleanup programs of all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia. The study provides a snapshot of state statutes, program organization, staffing, funding, expenditures, cleanup standards, and cleanup activities. Read More >

Environmental Gatekeeping in State Laws

Environmental Law Institute Staff
December 1991

This report explores the use of  “gatekeeper” mechanisms as a means of enhancing the effectiveness of state environmental programs. A gatekeeper is an independent third party who is enlisted by the government to assure that regulated entities properly perform under a regulatory scheme. Several existing and one proposed state environmental gatekeeping mechanisms are described and analyzed, ranging from certifying toxic use reduction plans to managing the cleanup of hazardous waste sites. Read More >

Environmental Protection and Development Planning

Environmental Law Institute Staff
December 1991
The Tools of Prevention: Opportunities for Promoting Pollution Prevention Under

The Tools of Prevention: Opportunities for Promoting Pollution Prevention Under Federal Environmental Legislation

John A. Pendergrass, Environmental Law Institute
September 1991

This report focuses on the Clean Water Act and RCRA, the two statutes currently under consideration for congressional reauthorization. Our analysis of these laws reveals that the major barrier to pollution prevention are not statutory in origin. Both the Clean Water Act and RCRA — without significant revision — provide substantial authority for promoting pollution prevention using a variety of regulatory approaches. Read More >